Research Findings

Short summaries of published, peer-reviewed journal articles written and co-authored by SHARP staff.  For a complete list of articles published before 2013, please see SHARP’s Journal Articles.


Sit-Stand Workstation Schedules: An investigation into four different sit-stand workstation use schedules. Stephen Bao and Jia-Hua Lin. Ergonomics, 2017.  DOI:  10.1080/00140139.2017.1353139

Safety Climate Impacts Truck Driver Injuries: Work-related injury factors and safety climate perception in truck drivers. Naomi J. Anderson, Caroline K. Smith and Jesse L. Byrd. Am J Ind Med, 2017.  DOI:  10.1002/ajim.22737

Work-related Injuries Among Janitors: Work-related injuries among commercial janitors in Washington State, comparisons by gender. Caroline K. Smith and Naomi J. Anderson. Journal of Safety Research, 2017.  DOI:  10.1016/j.jsr.2017.06.016

Temporary Workers at Risk:  Factors Underlying Observed Injury Rate Differences between Temporary Workers and Permanent Peers.  Michael Foley.  Am J Ind Med, 2017.  DOI:  10.1002/ajim.22763

Declines in Work-related Musculoskeletal Disorders: Work-related musculoskeletal disorder surveillance using the Washington state workers’ compensation system: Recent declines and patterns by industry, 1999–2013. Jennifer Marcum and Darrin Adams. Am J Ind Med, 2017.  DOI:  10.1002/ajim.22708

Work-Related Injury and Illness: Self-reported work-related injury or illness – Washington, 2011-2014.  Jennifer L Marcum, B Chin, NJ Anderson, and DK Bonauto.  MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2017; 66(11):302-306.  URL: 

Characteristics of Injuries Not Reported by Employers:  Workers’ compensation claims not reported in the Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses: Injury and claim characteristics. Sara E. Wuellner, Darrin A. Adams and David K. Bonauto. Am J Ind Med, 2017.  DOI:  10.1002/ajim.22685


Policy can improve occupational health and safety:  A Systematic Literature Review of the Effectiveness of Occupational Health and Safety Regulatory Enforcement.  Emile Tompa, C Kalcevich, M Foley, C McLeod, S Hogg-Johnson, K Cullen, E MacEachen, Q Mahood, and E Irvin.  Am J Ind Med, 2016.  DOI:  10.1002/ajim.22605

Heat Exposure and Injury Risk:  A Case-Crossover Study of Heat Exposure and Injury Risk in Outdoor Agricultural Workers. June T. Spector, DK Bonauto, L Sheppard, T Busch-Isaksen, M Calkins, D Adams, M Lieblich, RA Fenske. PLoS ONE, 2016. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0164498

Workplace violence and supervisor support in healthcare:  Linking workplace aggression to employee well-being and work:  The moderating role of family-supportive supervisor behaviors (FSSB). Nanette L. Yragui, CA Demsky, LB Hammer, S Van Dyck and MB Neradilek .  J of Business and Psychology, 2016.  DOI: 10.1007/s10869-016-9443-z

Employer reasons for injury underreporting: Employer reasons for failing to report eligible workers’ compensation claims in the BLS survey of occupational injuries and illnesses. Christina L. Rappin, SE Wuellner, and DK Bonauto.  Am J of Ind Med.  DOI: 10.1002/ajim.22582

Establishment characteristics in injury underreporting: Unreported workers’ compensation claims to the BLS Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses:  Establishment factors. Sara E Wuellner, DA Adams, and DK Bonauto.  American J of Industrial Medicine, 2016.  DOI 10.1002/ajim.22563.

Isocyanate exposure from paint applied with a brush or roller: Isocyanate exposure below analytical detection when a paint brush and roller are used to apply moisture-cure polyurethane paint. Carolyn Reeb-Whitaker and Todd Schoonover.  Annals of Occupational Hygiene, 2016.  DOI 10.1093/annhyg/mew003.


Carpal tunnel syndrome is a long-term burden:  The long-term burden of work-related carpal tunnel syndrome relative to upper-extremity fractures and dermatitis in Washington State. Michael Foley and Barbara A Silverstein.  Am J Industrial Med, 2015.  DOI: 10.1002/ajim.22540.

Job organization and worker health:  Relationships between Job Organizational Factors, Biomechanical and Psychosocial Exposures. Stephen Bao, JM Kapellusch, AS Merryweather, MS Thiese, A Garg, KT Hegmann, and BA Silverstein.  Ergonomics, 2015.  DOI 10.1080/00140139.2015.1065347.

Acid burns in car and truck washing: Occupational hydrofluoric acid injury from car and truck washing – Washington, 2001-2013. Carolyn Reeb-Whitaker, Carly Eckert, Naomi Anderson, and David Bonauto.  CDC Morbidity Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR), 64(32): 874-877; 2014


Worker Perceptions of Musculoskeletal Injury: Perceptions of risk from workers in high risk industries with work related musculoskeletal disorders. Daniel Hunter and Barbara Silverstein. Work: A Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation, 49(4): 689-703; 2014.

Injury prevention for the Services Sector:  Prioritizing industries for occupational injury prevention and research in the Services Sector in Washington State, 2002–2010. Naomi J Anderson, DK Bonauto and D Adams.  Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology, 9: 37; 2014

Injury recordkeeping and reporting: Exploring the relationship between employer recordkeeping and underreporting in the BLS Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses. Sara E Wuellner and David K Bonauto. American Journal of Industrial Medicine, 57(10):1133-1143; 2014

Asthma in Washington State: Distribution of asthma by occupation:  Washington State Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System Data, 2006-2009.  Naomi J Anderson, ZJ Fan, C Reeb-Whitaker, D Bonauto and E Rauser.  Journal of Asthma, 51(10):1035-1042; 2014.

Heat-related illness: Heat-related illness in Washington State agriculture and forestry sectors. June T Spector, J Krenz, E Rauser, and DK Bonauto. American Journal of Industrial Medicine, 57(8):881-895; 2014.

Respiratory disease from hop: Respiratory disease associated with occupational inhalation to hop (Humulus lupulus) during harvest and processing. Carolyn Reeb-Whitaker and David Bonauto.  Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology, 113(5):533-537; 2014.

Trucking injuries:  Work related injuries in Washington State's Trucking Industry, by industry sector and occupation. Caroline K Smith and Jena Williams. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 65:63-71; 2014.

Obesity in the workforce:  Obesity prevalence by occupation in Washington State, Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. David K Bonauto, D Lu, and ZJ Fan.  Preventing Chronic Disease, 11(130219); 2014.


Injury Classification: Injury classification agreement in linked Bureau of Labor Statistics and Workers’ Compensation data. Sara E Wuellner and David K Bonauto. American Journal of Industrial Medicine, 9999: 1-10; 2013.

Asthma from isocyanates:  Prevention guidance for isocyanate-induced asthma using occupational surveillance data.  Carolyn Reeb-Whitaker, NJ Anderson, DK Bonauto.  Journal of Occupational & Environmental Hygiene, 10: 597-608; 2013.


OSHA enforcement and claims:  The impact of regulatory enforcement and consultation visits on workers’ compensation claims incidence rates and costs, 1999-2008.  Michael Foley,  ZJ Fan, E Rauser, B Silverstein.  American Journal of Industrial Medicine, 55(11): 976-990; 2012.

Isocyanate exposureAirborne isocyanate exposures in the collision repair industry and a comparison to occupational exposure limits.  Carolyn Reeb-Whitaker, SG Whittaker, DM Ceballos, et al.  Journal of Occupational & Environmental Hygiene, 9(5): 329-339; 2012.


Asthma in the workplace:  Work-related asthma in Washington State.  Naomi J Anderson, CK Reeb-Whitaker, DK Bonauto, and E Rauser.  Journal of Asthma, 48(8):773-732; 2011.


Limited English Proficiency in Workers' Compensation  Language Preference and Non-Traumatic Low Back Disorders in Washington State Workers’ Compensation.  DK Bonauto, CK Smith, DA Adams, ZJ Fan, BA Silverstein and M Foley  Am J Ind Med 2010; 53(2):204-215.  URL: 



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