Anhydrous Ammonia

Chapter 296-826, WAC

Effective Date: 09/01/06

Contents
Index
Download

WAC 296-826-200

Employee Safety

For printing

YOUR RESPONSIBILITY:

To protect employees who use, handle, store, distribute, or transport anhydrous ammonia

Personal protective equipment (PPE)

Training

Chemical reactions

Emergencies

WAC 296-826-20005

Personal protective equipment (PPE)

You must

  • Provide the following PPE, at no cost to employees, all stationary storage installations:
    • -Two respirators in readily accessible locations as required by WAC 296-842, Respirators
    • -One pair of protective gloves, boots, pants, a protective slicker, and a jacket made of:
      • Rubber
        or
      • Other material that can't be penetrated by ammonia.
    • -Tight fitting vented goggles and one full face shield.
    • -An easily accessible shower or 50 gallons of clean water in an open top container.
  • Equip tank motor vehicles with all of the following equipment for emergency purposes:
    • -At least 5 gallons of water to flush liquid ammonia from skin or eyes.
    • -Respiratory equipment suitable for anhydrous ammonia as required by Chapter 296-842 WAC, Respirators
    • -A pair of protective gloves made of neoprene rubber or other material that can't be penetrated by ammonia.
    • -Tight fitting goggles and a full face shield

Note

Note:

Additional safety equipment is recommended when more than one employee is present.

 

WAC 296-826-20010

Training

You must

  • Train employees who handle ammonia on all of the following:
    • -Safe operating practices
    • -Emergency procedures
    • -Proper use of personal protective equipment (PPE)

 

WAC 296-826-20015

Chemical reactions

You must

  • Prohibit the use of ammonia with other chemicals unless the possible reactions have been adequately investigated.

Note

Note:

  • Under some circumstances, ammonia and ammonium compounds can form explosive products with other chemicals.
  • For additional information, refer to the following:

    • -Section 491M "Manual on Hazardous
      Chemical Reactions
      " of the NFPA, 1969 Edition;
      and
    • -CG-388, the "Chemical Data Guide for Bulk Shipment by Water," 1969


WAC 296-826-20020

Emergencies

You must

  • Make sure only trained personnel designated to respond if a leak occurs in an ammonia system do all of the following:
    • -Evacuate affected personnel to noncontaminated areas
    • -Shut off appropriate valves
    • -Put on all of the following PPE in concentrated ammonia atmospheres and in unknown concentrations of ammonia:
      • Self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA)
      • A plastic or rubber suit
      • Gauntlet-type plastic or rubber gloves
  • Make sure a physician treats all employees with eye injuries caused by liquid ammonia. In addition:
    • -Immediately flush liquid ammonia from skin or eyes continuously for a minimum of 15 minutes using water or eye wash solutions as required by the Safety and Health Core Rules First Aid, WAC 296-800-150.
    • -Don't use neutralizing solutions or ointments on affected areas.

Note

Note:

  • Drivers unable to stop a leak during transport should:
    • -Move the vehicle to an isolated area
    • -Use the current Department of Transportation (DOT) Emergency Response Guidebook to establish safe distances to isolate a leaking tank from the driver and the public.


  

End of main content, page footer follows.

Access Washington official state portal

© Washington State Dept. of Labor & Industries. Use of this site is subject to the laws of the state of Washington.