Safety Standards for Logging Operations, Chapter 296-54, WAC

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Last Updated 02/2012

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Chapter 296-54, WAC: View the entire rule (leg.wa.gov)

ADMINISTRATIVE

296-54-501 Scope and application

296-54-503 Variance

296-54-505 Definitions

296-54-507 Employer's responsibilities

296-54-509 Employee's responsibility

PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT

296-54-511 Personal protective equipment (PPE)

296-54-51110 Head protection

296-54-51120 Eye and face protection

296-54-51130 Hearing protection

296-54-51140 Hand protection

296-54-51150 Respiratory protection

296-54-51160 Leg protection

296-54-51170 Foot protection

296-54-51190 Highly visible clothing

SAFETY AND HEALTH PROGRAMS/FIRST-AID/LOCKOUT/TAGOUT

296-54-513 Arrangement of work areas and emergency contact

296-54-515 Accident prevention program

296-54-51510 Safety and health meetings

296-54-51520 First-aid training

296-54-51530 First-aid kits

296-54-517 Lockout/tagout procedures

296-54-519 Miscellaneous requirements

VEHICLES, POWER LINES AND ROADS

296-54-521 Motor vehicles

296-54-523 Inspection and repair of equipment and vehicles

296-54-527 Seat belts

296-54-529 Overhead electrical lines clearance

296-54-531 Truck roads

296-54-533 Road pioneering and earthwork

POWERED TOOLS AND CHAIN SAWS

296-54-535 Hand and portable powered tools

296-54-537 Chain saws

FALLING AND BUCKING

296-54-539 Falling and bucking - General

296-54-53910 Falling and bucking - Falling

296-54-53920 Falling and bucking - Bucking

296-54-53930 Falling and bucking - Danger trees

296-54-53940 Falling and bucking - Springboards and tree jacking

TREE PULLING. MECHANIZED FALLING, CLIMBING EQUIPMENT

296-54-541 Tree pulling

296-54-543 Mechanized falling

296-54-545 Climbing equipment and passline

RIGGING

296-54-547 Rigging - General

296-54-54710 Rigging - Inspection

296-54-54720 Rigging - Molles

296-54-54730 Rigging - Shackles

296-54-54740 Rigging - Straps

296-54-54750 Rigging - Blocks

296-54-54760 Rigging - Hanging blocks

296-54-54770 Chokers and butt rigging

SPARS

296-54-549 Selecting spar, tail and intermediate support trees

296-54-551 Raising and lowering portable spars or towers

296-54-553 Metal spars

296-54-555 Metal spar guyline safety straps

WIRE ROPE

296-54-557 Wire rope

296-54-55710 Wire rope - Cutting

296-54-55720 Wire rope - Splicing

296-54-55730 Wire rope - Attaching and fastenings

GUYLINES, TAIL/LIFT TREES AND ANCHORS

296-54-561 Guylines

296-54-563 Guying tail/lift trees

296-54-565 Intermediate support trees

296-54-567 Rigging skylines

296-54-569 Anchoring

296-54-571 Releasing spiked guylines and spiked skylines from anchors

LOGGING MACHINES

296-54-573 Logging machines - General

296-54-57310 Logging machines - Chipping in woods location

296-54-57315 Logging machines - Exhaust pipes

296-54-57320 Logging machines - Glass

296-54-57325 Logging machines - Brakes

296-54-57330 Logging machines - Outriggers

296-54-57335 Logging machines - Hydraulics

296-54-57340 Logging machines - A-frames

296-54-57345 Logging machines - Moving

296-54-57350 Logging machines - Tractors and skidders

296-54-57355 Logging machines - Protective structures for operators

YARDING, SKIDDING AND LANDING

296-54-575 Landing area

296-54-577 Yarding, skidding, landing

296-54-579 Log decks

HELICOPTER LOGGING

296-54-581 Helicopter logging - General

296-54-58110 Helicopter logging - Landing

296-54-58120 Helicopter logging - Yarding

296-54-58130 Helicopter logging - Fueling area

LOADING LOGS AND SELF-LOADERS

296-54-583 Loading logs

296-54-584 Tongs, hooks, grapples

296-54-585 Cross-haul systems

296-54-587 Self-loading log trucks

TRANSPORTATION OF LOGS AND STATIONARY TRAILER LOADERS

296-54-589 Log trucks - General

296-54-58910 Log trucks - Brakes

296-54-58920 Log trucks - Trailer hitches and safety chains

296-54-58930 Log trucks - Reaches and bunks

296-54-58940 Log trucks - Stakes, stake extensions and chock blocks

296-54-58950 Log trucks - Wrappers and binders

296-54-58960 Log trucks - Miscellaneous requirements

296-54-58970 Log trucks - Steered trailers

296-54-591 Stationary log truck trailer loading

LOG UNLOADING, BOOMS, AND RAFTING GROUNDS

296-54-593 Log unloading, booms, and rafting grounds -Storage and sorting areas - General

296-54-59310 Log unloading, booms, and rafting grounds - Water dumps

296-54-59320 Log unloading, booms, and rafting grounds - Boom and rafting grounds

296-54-59330 Log unloading, booms, and rafting grounds - Boats and mechanical devices on waters

296-54-59340 Log unloading, booms, and rafting grounds - Dry land sorting and storage

TRANSPORTING CREWS

296-54-595 Transporting crews

296-54-59510 Speeders used to transport crews

296-54-59520 Trailers used to transport crews

RAILROADS

296-54-597 Railroads

296-54-59710 Railroad construction and maintenance

296-54-59720 Railroad operations

296-54-59730 Railroad maintenance - Loading or unloading

SIGNALING

296-54-601 Signals and signal systems

296-54-603 Electric signal systems

296-54-604 Radio signaling permits

296-54-605 Radio systems used for voice communication, activation of audible signals, or controls of equipment

296-54-607 Radio signal systems - Specifications and test procedures

WOOD SPAR TREES

296-54-701 Wood spar trees

296-54-70110 Wood spar trees - Guylines

296-54-70120 Wood spar trees - Passlines

296-54-70130 Wood spar trees - Straps

MAINTENANCE SHOPS AND LABOR CAMPS

296-54-705 Truck and equipment maintenance shops

296-54-707 Labor camps

APPENDICES

296-54-99002 Appendix 1 - Signals

296-54-99003 Appendix 2 - Sample minimum lockout/tagout procedure

296-54-99004 Appendix 3 - Industry consensus standards

296-54-99013 Appendix 4 - Various types of cable logging systems

296-54-99014 Appendix 5 - Wooden tree yarding and loading systems

TITLES OF FIGURES AND TABLES

296-54-505 Figure of “Twister”

296-54-539 Figure 1: Distance Between Work Area

296-54-53910 Figure 2: Undercuts

296-54-54730 Figure 2-2: Shackles

296-54-54740 Table 1: Strap/Choker Size in Inches

296-54-557 Figure: Wire Rope

296-54-55720 Table 2: Length of Line Strand

296-54-55730 Table 3: U-bolt Cable Clips to Form Eyes

Figure 3: Eyes Formed with U-bolt Cable Clips

296-54-561 Table 4: Guyline Positioning

Figure 4: 1 Guyline Case

Figure 5: 2 Guyline Case

Figure 6: 3 Guyline Case

Figure 7: 3 Guyline Case (2)

Figure 8: 4 Guyline Case

Figure 9: 5 Guyline Case

Figure 10: 5 Guyline Case (2)

Figure 11: 6 Guyline Case

Figure 12: 6 Guyline Case (2)

Figure 13: 7 Guyline Case

Figure 14: 8 Guyline Case

Figure 15: 8 Guyline Case (2)

Figure 16: Positioning Guylines in Back of Tree

Figure 17: Positioning Guylines in Front of Tree

Figure 18: Maximum Angle for Load Bearing Guylines and Skyline

Figure 19: 4 Guyline Case - Tail/Lift Tree Guying

Figure 20: 2 Guyline Case - Tail/Lift Tree Guying

296-54-565 Figure 21: Critical Measurements of the Double Tree Intermediate Support System

Figure 22: Double Tree Intermediate Support System

296-54-567 Figure 23: Skyline Positioning Limits Tail/Lift Tree

Figure 24: Rigging Illustrations

Figure 25: One Log Load

Figure 26: Two Log Load

Figure 27: Three or Four Log Load 44 feet or less

Figure 28: Three or Four Log Loads more than 44 feet

Figure 29: Five or Six Log Load All Logs 17 feet or less

Figure 30: Seven or More Log Load All Logs 17 feet or less

Figure 31: Five or More Log Load if any Logs are more than 17 feet

Figure 32: Proper Support for Logs

Figure 33: Outside Logs or Top Logs

Figure 34: A wrapper must be near each bunk

Figure 35: Short Logs Loaded Crosswise

296-54-605 Figure 36: Areas for Use of Radio Signaling Systems for Logging Operations

Figure 37: Application for Permit to Operate Radio Signal System in Designated Area

Figure 38: Radio Permit

296-54-99002 Figure 39: Standard Hand Signals

Figure 40: Standard Hand Signals

Figure 41: Standard Hand Signals

Figure 42: Standard Hand Signals for Loading Logs

296-54-99013 Figure 43: Shovel Load Jammer

Figure 44: Mobile Shovel Yarder

Figure 45: Highlead

Figure 46: Live Skyline - Shotgun or Flyer System

Figure 47: Slack Line System

Figure 48: Skidder System

Figure 49: North Bend System

Figure 50: South Bend System

Figure 51: Standing Skyline - Radio Controlled Carriage - Mobile Tower

Figure 52: Side Mount Tower with Mechanical Slack Pulling Carriage

Figure 53: Partial Cutting with Running Skyline

Figure 54: Running Skyline with Chokers (Grabinski)

Figure 55: Running Skyline with Mechanical Grapple

Figure 56: Multi-span Skyline

Figure 57: Balloon Logging - Inverted Skyline Configuration

Figure 58: Balloon Logging - Haulback Configuration

296-54-99014 Figure 59: High Lead Yarding System

Figure 60: North Bend Yarding System

Figure 61: Slack Skyline Yarding System

Figure 62: Heel Boom Loading

Figure 63: Guy Line Loading

Figure 64: Hayrack Boom Loading

Figure 65: Spreader Bar Loading

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