Pulp, Paper, and Paperboard Mills and Converters

Chapter 296-79 (Continued)


Rule Contents

WAC 296-800-150 in Adobe Acrobat (.pdf) formatFor printing


WAC 296-79-180 Privately owned standard gauge railroad operations.

(1) Blue flag or light for railroad operations:

  • A blue signal (blue flag or blue light for nonilluminated areas) must be displayed at one or both ends of an engine, car(s), or train, to indicate that workers are under or about the railway equipment.

  • When such warning devices are displayed, the equipment must not be coupled to or moved.

  • On a dead end spur, a blue signal may be displayed adjacent to the switch opening while cars are being loaded or unloaded.

(2) Blue signals and derails:

  • Work being carried on which subjects employees to the hazard of moving railroad equipment must be protected by blue signals and locked derails set a minimum of 50 feet from one or both ends of the worksite.

  • Where the spur track switch is less than 50 feet from the work location, the switch padlocked in the open position will take the place of the derail and the blue signal must be placed at that point.

(3) Signals unobscured. Equipment which would obscure the blue signal must not be placed on the track.

(4) Signals displayed by each maintenance crew. Each maintenance crew must display and remove its own set of blue signals.

(5) Warning device:

  • A flashing warning light or other device must be installed near any opening which leads to a passageway crossing railroad tracks adjacent to the building.

  • Such light or device must be activated prior to any switching or movement of railroad equipment to warn workers of the dangerous condition in the area.

(6) Cars to be immobilized. Spotted cars must either have brakes set, wheels blocked, or must be coupled to other immobilized cars to prevent each car from rolling.

(7) Crawling under or between coupled cars prohibited. Workers must not crawl under or pass between coupled railroad cars to cross tracks.

(8) Warning at road crossing. An audible whistle, horn or bell must be sounded by the locomotive engineer to give adequate warning prior to switching across any road crossing.

(9) Flying switches. When switching railroad equipment in congested areas or across roadways or walkways “flying switches” must be prohibited.

(10) Car opening devices. All box car doors and associated mechanisms must be carefully inspected before workers attempt to open or close them. If the door is not free and cannot be opened safely by hand, equipment must be provided, where necessary, and a safe method must be used to open or close the door.

(11) Clearance from railroad tracks. Materials must not be stacked or piled closer than 8 1/2' from the center line of a standard gauge railroad track.

(12) Operating under limited visibility conditions.

Unless trains are operated in a manner to allow the operator to see a safe stopping distance in the direction of travel, a flagperson(s) must be positioned in such a manner to safely direct movement of the train.

Flagperson must:

  • Remain within sight of the operator, or

  • Be equipped to maintain visual or voice communication with the operator as conditions dictate.

(13) A flagperson must direct the movement of trains being moved across main roads or thoroughfares which do not have adequate traffic warning lights, bells or barricades.

[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, .040, .050. 99-16-083 (Order 99-11), 296-79-180, filed 08/03/99, effective 11/03/99. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, 49.17.240, and chapters 43.22 and 42.30 RCW. 81-03-007 (Order 80-31), 296-79-180, filed 1/8/81; Order 74-24, 296-79-180, filed 5/6/74; Order 70-6, 296-79-180, filed 7/10/70, effective 8/10/70.]

WAC 296-79-190 Loading and unloading materials from railway cars or trucks.

(1) Safe access to top of railroad cars or trucks. Platforms with ladders or stairways must be installed or made available when needed so that workers may safely gain access to and perform work on the top of railroad cars or trucks when ladders are not installed on such equipment.

(2) Nets not to cover ladders. Rolled chip nets must not be positioned where they cover the ladders on railroad cars or trucks.

(3) Tipple type unloading device. When a tipple type unloading device is used for removing chips from cars, the cars must be properly secured in place and all employees must be in the clear before dumping operation is started.

(4) Handling pulp chips and hog fuel from trucks and trailers.

(a) Elevating platform-type or cable-lift type unloading devices must have adequate back bumper stops.

(b) Side rails or other positive means to prevent the trailer from falling must be used while unloading single trailer units.

(c) The truck or tractor must be secured when elevating platform lifts are used to elevate both the tractor and trailer or single unit trucks.

(d) All personnel must be clear of all hoisting or elevating mechanisms before dumping commences.

(e) No person is allowed in any truck while the truck is being elevated.

(5) Taking chip samples. A safe area and suitable device must be provided for the chip tester to use while taking chip samples.

(6) Derail required for hazardous materials. To protect tank cars from being moved while loading or unloading hazardous materials by use of pipes or hoses, a derail and blue flag must be set between the spotted tank cars and any moving railroad equipment.

(7) Moving cars by tugger or powered drums. When rail cars are moved by a tugger or powered drums with cables, a means should be provided or the area barricaded in such a manner that the moving cables do not endanger the workers.

(8) Handling pulpwood from flatcars and all other railway cars.

(a) Railroad flatcars for the conveyance of pulpwood loaded parallel to the length of the car must be equipped with safety-stake pockets.

(b) Where pulpwood is loaded crosswise on a flatcar sufficient stakes of sizes not smaller than 4 by 4 inches must be used to prevent the load from shifting.

(c) Cutting stakes on log bundles. When it is necessary to cut stakes:

  • Those on the unloading side should be partially cut through first, and then the binder wires cut on the opposite side.

  • Wire cutters equipped with long extension handles must be used.

  • No person is permitted along the dumping side of the car after the stakes have been cut.

(d) Cutting bands on log bundles. When cutting bands on bundled logs, workers must:

  • Position themselves in a safe location;

  • Not use double bitted axes for cutting bands;

  • Use caution to prevent being struck by ends of bands being cut and;

  • If needed, wear personal protective equipment.

(e) Flatcars and all other cars must be:

  • Chocked during unloading and,

  • Rail clamping chocks must be used when equipment in not provided with hand brakes.

(9) Handling pulpwood from trucks.

(a) Cutting of stakes and binder wires must be done in accordance with (8)(c) of this section.

(b) Binders or stakes must not be loosened or removed:

  • Until the logs are secured and held by equipment which will prevent them from rolling off the truck, or

  • Barricades will prevent logs from striking the person removing the binders or stakes.

(c) Where binder chains and crane slings are used:

  • The crane slings must be attached and taut before the binder chains are released and,

  • The hooker must see that the helper is clear before signaling for the movement of the load.

(d) The truck driver must:

  • Leave the truck cab and remain in the clear, preferably in a designated area, and

  • Be in clear view of the unloading equipment operator while the unloader is approaching the loaded truck

  • After a complete load is lifted as a unit and held stationary, the truck driver may enter the cab and drive forward from under the suspended load.

[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, .040, .050. 99-16-083 (Order 99-11), 296-79-190, filed 08/03/99, effective 11/03/99. Order 74-24, 296-79-190, filed 5/6/74; Order 70-6, 296-79-190, filed 7/10/70, effective 8/10/70.]

WAC 296-79-200 Bridge and dock plates. 

Properly constructed bridge or dock plates must be furnished and used to bridge the area between a dock and truck or railroad car. The following requirements must be complied with for construction and use of such bridge or dock plates:

(1) Strength. The plate must be capable of supporting three times the maximum load to which it will be subjected.

(2) Stops. The plates must be provided with positive stops to prevent the plates from shifting or moving.

(3) Plates:

  • The plates must bear solidly on the dock and on the floor of the car or truck.

  • Plates with excessive teeter or rock must be repaired or replaced.

(4) Upturn or lip on plates. The sides of bridge or dock plates must have an upturn or lip of at least 4 inches covering the area between the edge of the loading dock and edge of car or truck floor whenever this distance exceeds 18 inches to prevent wheeled equipment from running off the sides.

(5) Bearing surface. Bridge or dock plates must have at least 6 inches bearing surface on the loading dock.

(6) Suitable fittings to be used. Bridge or dock plates intended to be moved by mechanized equipment must be designed for this purpose or appropriate fittings or attachments must be used.

[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, .040, .050. 99-16-083 (Order 99-11), 296-79-200, filed 08/03/99, filed 11/03/99. Order 74-24, 296-79-200, filed 5/6/74; Order 70-6, 296-79-200, filed 7/10/70, effective 8/10/70.]

WAC 296-79-210 For conveyors, maintenance and inspection. 

See chapter 296-24 WAC, Part D. 

[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, .040, .050. 99-16-083 (Order 99-11), 296-79-210, filed 08/03/99, effective 11/03/99. Order 74-24, 296-79-210, filed 5/6/74; Order 70-6, 296-79-210, filed 7/10/70, effective 8/10/70.]

WAC 296-79-220 Deactivating and lockout requirements.

(1) Control requirement. Whenever the unexpected startup of machinery, the energizing of electrical circuits, the flow of material in piping systems or the removal of guards would endanger workers, such exposure must be prevented by deactivating and locking out the controls as required by chapter 296-803 WAC, Lockout/tagout (control of hazardous energy).

EXCEPTION: In instances where any machine must be in motion for proper adjustment, for removal or replacement of materials from the machine, for machine clothing changes or for roping up, the following precautions must be observed:

  • The machine must be operated at thread or jog speed;

  • Extension tools which minimize personnel exposure must be used where possible;

  • The operating controls must at all times be under the control of a qualified operator or craftsman;

  • All personnel must remain in view of the operator or other means of communication shall be established ;

  • All personnel must be beyond the reach of other machine section(s) or element(s) which offer potential exposure. In any instance where such potential exposure exists, such other section(s) or element(s) must be separately locked out.

(2) Group lockout or tagout devices. Procedures must meet the minimum requirements of chapter 296-803 WAC, Lockout/tagout (control of hazardous energy). The employer must develop a specific written group lockout or tagout procedure and review it with the local plant labor/management safety committee before it can be utilized.

(3) Temporary or alternate power:

  • Whenever possible, temporary or alternate sources of power to the equipment being worked on must be avoided.

  • If the use of such power is necessary, all affected employees must be informed and the source of temporary or alternate power must be identified.

(4) Deactivating piping systems.

(a) Nonhazardous systems must be deactivated by at least locking out either the pump or a single valve.

(b) Lockout of the following hazardous material piping systems must isolate to the worksite and must provide protection against backflow where such potential exists:

  • Gaseous systems that are operated at more than 200 psig;

  • Systems containing any liquid at more than 500 psig;

  • Systems containing any material at more than 130F;

  • Any cryogenic system;

  • Systems containing material which is chemically hazardous as defined by NFPA 704 1996 Class 3 and 4;

  • Systems containing material classified as flammable or explosive as defined in NFPA Class I.

Such systems must be deactivated by one of the following:

  • Locking out both the pump and one valve between the pump and the worksite;

  • Locking out two valves between the hazard source and the worksite;

  • Installing and locking out a blank flange between the hazard source and worksite. When a blank flange (blind) is used to separate off portions of hazardous material systems from a portion which is in operation, the employer must develop and implement a procedure for installation and removal of the blank flange that will ensure all hazards have been eliminated;

  • On hazardous chemical systems where the methods already listed are not feasible, or by themselves create a hazard, single valve closure isolation may be used provided that potentially exposed employees are adequately protected by other means such as personal protective equipment.

  • Line breaking between the hazard and the worksite;

  • On hazardous chemical systems where the methods already listed are not feasible, or by themselves create a hazard, single valve closure isolation may be used provided that potentially exposed employees are adequately protected by other means such as personal protective equipment.

  • On all steam systems where the methods already listed are not feasible, single valve closure isolation may be used provided that the system is equipped with valves meeting all requirements of ANSI B16.5-1996 and ANSI B.16.34-1996. Where single valve isolation is used, the steamline must also be equipped with a bleed valve downstream from the valve closure to provide isolation of the worksite.

Note: Bleeder valves are recommended behind all primary valve closures on hazardous material systems. Consideration should be given to the nature of the material in the system when installing bleeder valves. To assist in preventing plugging, bleeder valves should generally be installed in the top one-third of the pipe. Short exhaust pipes should be installed on bleeder valves to direct the flow of possible escapement away from the position where an employee would normally be when using the bleeder valve.

[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, .040, .050. 04-15-105 (Order 03-12), 296-79-220, filed 07/20/04, effective 11/01/04. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, .040, .050. 99-16-083 (Order 99-11), 296-79-220, filed 08/03/99, effective 11/03/99. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, 49.17.050 and 49.17.240. 81-13-053 (Order 81-9), 296-79-220, filed 6/17/81. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, 49.17.240, and chapters 43.22 and 42.30 RCW. 81-03-007 (Order 80-31), 296-79-220, filed 1/8/81; Order 76-7, 296-79-220, filed 3/1/76; Order 74-24, 296-79-220, filed 5/6/74; Order 70-6, 296-79-220, filed 7/10/70, effective 8/10/70.]

WAC 296-79-230 Vessel or confined area requirements.

(1) Entry into confined spaces must be in accordance with chapter 296-62 WAC, Part M.

(2) All equipment necessary to perform the work, including safety equipment, must be at the confined space and must be inspected or tested to assure that it functions properly.

(3) Protective equipment that will afford proper protection to the employee from any condition which may arise based on the hazard assessment, must be available either at the entrance or within the confined space.

(4) Electrical circuits leading into confined spaces where electrical conductive hazards exist must be protected by a ground fault interrupter or the voltage must not exceed 24 volts.

(5) Battery operated flashlights or lantern must be readily available for use by persons working in areas where escape would be difficult if normal lighting system should fail. Only explosion-proof type lights may be taken into any atmosphere which may contain an explosive concentration.

[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, .040, .050. 99-16-083 (Order 99-11), 296-79-330, filed 08/03/99, effective 11/03/99. Order 74-24, 296-79-230, filed 5/6/74; Order 70-6, 296-79-230, filed 7/10/70, effective 8/10/70.]

WAC 296-79-240 Storage of fuel, oil, flammables and chemicals. 

See chapter 296-24 WAC, Part E. 

[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, .040, .050. 99-16-083 (Order 99-11), 296-79-240, filed 08/03/99, effective 11/03/99. Order 76-7, 296-79-240, filed 3/1/76; Order 74-24, 296-79-240, filed 5/6/74; Order 70-6, 296-79-240, filed 7/10/70, effective 8/10/70.]

WAC 296-79-250 Safety procedure for handling sulfur.

(1) Sulfur burners. Sulfur-burner houses must:

  • Be safely and adequately ventilated, and

  • Every precaution taken to guard against dust, explosion hazards and fires, in accordance with American National Standards Z9.2-1979 (R1991).

(2) Handling/storage of dry sulfur.

(a) Nonsparking tools and equipment must be used in handling dry sulfur.

(b) Sulfur storage bins must be kept free of sulfur dust accumulation, and buildings should be designed with explosion relief, in accordance with the latest revision of American National Standard Z9.2-1979 (R1991).

(c) Sulfur-melting equipment must not be located in the burner room.

(3) Handling/storage of liquid sulfur:

(a) Each facility utilizing liquid sulfur must:

  • Carefully examine its own handling system and

  • Formulate a written procedure for maintenance, receiving, storing and using this product.

(b) A minimum of two trained employees must be assigned when a tank car is first opened in preparation for venting and unloading.

(c) Approved respiratory protective equipment for H2S exposure, chemical splash goggles and gloves must be worn when performing this work.

(d) Spark producing or electric operated tools must not be used to unplug railroad car vents.

(e) Where venting can cause harmful exposure to other unprotected workers in the area:

  • A venting system must be installed which adequately contains any gas escapement from a tank car while venting.

  • The vented gas must be carried to a safe location for discharge or circulated through a scrubbing system.

  • The venting system must be connected before valves which would allow escapement are opened.

(f) Smoking, open burning or welding must be prohibited while unloading is in process or danger of gas escapement exists.

(4) Acid plant - Protection for employees.

(a) Where lime slaking takes place, employees must be provided with rubber boots, rubber gloves, protective aprons, and eye protection. A deluge shower and eyewash must be provided to flush the skin and eyes to counteract lime and acid burns.

(b) Hoops for acid storage tanks must be:

(i) Made of round rods rather than flat strips; and

(ii) Regularly inspected and safety maintained.

(c) Sulphur burner ignitors must have a means to automatically shut off the fuel to the ignitor when the flame has been extinguished.

[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, .040, .050. 99-16-083 (Order 99-11), 296-79-250, filed 08/03/99, effective 11/03/99. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. 91-24-017 (Order 91-07), 296-79-250, filed 11/22/91, effective 12/24/91; Order 76-7, 296-79-250, filed 3/1/76; Order 74-24, 296-79-250, filed 5/6/74; Order 70-6, 296-79-250, filed 7/10/70, effective 8/10/70.]

WAC 296-79-260 Pulpwood storage and handling.

(1) Piling of logs:

  • Logs must be piled or removed in an orderly manner.

  • The piles must be stable and individual logs properly placed to prevent them from rolling or falling.

  • The ends must not project into walkways, roadways or areas reserved for other purposes and

  • Sufficient clearance must be maintained for safe travel of all vehicles and loads.

(2) Wire rope doglines used for towing or rafting must not be used when:

  • They acquire jaggers to the extent that they present a hazard to the employees handling them; or

  • When they are weakened to the extent that they are hazardous.

(3) Boom sticks must be capable of safely supporting the weight imposed upon them.

(4) Stiff booms must be:

  • Made by fastening not less than two boom sticks together.

  • Not less than 36 inches in width measured from outside to outside of the outer logs.

  • Fastened together with not less than 4 inch by 6 inch cross ties or cable lashing properly recessed into notches in the boom sticks and secured.

(5) Pike poles must be kept in good repair. Conductive pike poles must not be used when it is possible that they may come in contact with electrical conductors.

(6) Logs must not be lifted over employees and employees must stay clear of the hazardous area near where logs are being lifted or swung.

(7) Storing or sorting on water or any boom work other than boom boat operations, must require a minimum of two persons.

(8) All mobile equipment used to handle logs, blocks or cants must be provided with adequate overhead protection.

(9) Unloading lines must be so arranged that it is not necessary for the worker to attach them on the pond or dump side of the load.

(10) Unauthorized vehicles and unauthorized foot traffic must not be allowed in any active sorting, storing, loading, or unloading areas.

(11) Log unloaders must not be moved about the premises with loads raised higher than absolutely necessary.

(12) Jackets or vests of fluorescent or other high visibility material must be worn by persons working on dry land log storage.

(13) All log dumps must be periodically cleared of bark and other debris.

(14) Handles of wood hooks must be locked to the shank to prevent them from rotating.

[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, .040, .050. 99-16-083 (Order 99-11), 296-79-260, filed 08/03/99, effective 11/03/99. Order 74-24, 296-79-260, filed 5/6/74; Order 70-6, 296-79-260, filed 7/10/70, effective 8/10/70.]

WAC 296-79-270 Pulpwood preparation.

(1) Barker feeding devices must be designed in such a manner that the operator will not be required to hold or make any physical contact with any log or bolt during the barking operations.

(2) A dog or locking device in addition to the motor switch, clutch, belt shifter or other power disconnecting device must be installed on all intermittent barking drums to prevent the drum from moving while it is being filled or emptied.

(3) Hydraulic barkers.

(a) The inlet and outlet areas of hydraulic barkers must be equipped with baffles or devices that will reasonably prevent material from flying out while the machine is in operation.

(b) The operator must be protected by at least five-ply laminated glass or material of equivalent strength.

(4) The high pressure hoses of hydraulic barkers must be secured in such a manner that the hose connection ends will be restrained if a hose connection fails.

(5) The feed operator's station must not be in direct line with the chipper blades. Suitable safeguards must be installed to prevent chips or chunks from being thrown out and striking the person feeding the machine.

(6) When the operator cannot readily observe the material being fed into the chipper, a mirror or other device must be installed in such a position that the ingoing material can be monitored.

(7) Metal bars or other nonchippable devices must not be used to clear jams or plug-up at the feed entrance to a chipper or hog while the machine is running.

(8) Water wheel speed governor:

  • Water wheels, when directly connected to marker disks or grinders, must be provided with speed governors, if operated with gate wide open.

  • Water wheels directly connected to pulp grinders must be provided with speed governors limiting the peripheral speed of the grinder to that recommended by the manufacturer.

(9) Knot cleaners of the woodpecker type.

  • The operators of knot cleaners of the woodpecker type must wear eye protection equipment.

  • Such knot cleaners should be enclosed to protect passersby from flying chips.

[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, .040, .050. 99-16-083 (Order 99-11), 296-79-270, filed 08/03/99, effective 11/03/99. Order 74-24, 296-79-270, filed 5/6/74; Order 70-6, 296-79-270, filed 7/10/70, effective 8/10/70.]

WAC 296-79-27003 Log hauls, slips, and carriages.

(1) Controls must be:

  • Arranged to operate from a position where the operator will at all times be in the clear of logs, machinery, lines, and rigging.

  • Marked to indicate their function.

(2) Log decks must be provided with effective means to prevent logs from accidentally rolling down the deck and onto the carriage or its runway.

(3) When needed for protection of personnel, an automatic stop or interlocking device must be installed on log hauls or slips. These devices are not a substitute for lockout.

(4) A barricade or other positive stop of adequate strength must be provided to protect the sawyer from rolling logs.

(5) Canting gear or other equipment must not hang over the log deck in such a manner as to endanger employees.

(6) The sawyer shall be primarily responsible for the safety of the carriage crew and offbearers and must exercise due care in the operation of the carriage and log turning devices.

(7) Feed works and log turning control levers must be so arranged that they may be secured when not in use and must be adequately guarded against accidental activation.

(8) A control device must be provided so that the sawyer may stop the head rig section of the mill without leaving the stand.

(9) An effective method of disengaging the head rig saws from the power unit must be installed on all head rigs where the power unit is not directly controlled by the sawyer.

(10) The sawyer must be safeguarded either by location or by use of substantial screens or approved safety glass.

(11) Carriages upon which employees are required to work must be solidly decked over and the employee properly protected.

(12) The feed control lever of friction or belt-driven carriage feed works must be designed to operate away from the saws or carriage track.

(13) A substantial stop or bumper must be installed at each end of the carriage run.

(14) Substantial sweeps must be installed in front of each carriage wheel. Such sweeps must extend to within 1/4 inch of the rails.

(15) Where power-operated log turners are used, carriage knees must be provided with goosenecks or other substantial means of protecting the carriage crew.

[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, .040, .050. 99-16-083 (Order 99-11), 296-79-27003, filed 08/03/99, effective 11/03/99. Order 74-24, 296-79-27003, filed 5/6/74.]

WAC 296-79-27005 Band saws.

(1) Band saws must be given a thorough daily inspection and any deficiency reported and corrected.

(2) Any band saw found to have developed a crack greater than one-tenth the width of the saw must be:

  • Removed from service until the width of the saw is reduced to eliminate the crack,

  • The cracked section is removed, or

  • The development of the crack is arrested by welding.

(3) Band saws must not be continued in use on the head rig for which they have been designed after they have been reduced 40% in width.

(4) Band saw guides must be maintained in good condition and proper alignment at all times.

(5) All head band saw wheels must have a minimum rim thickness of 5/8 inches, except for a distance not to exceed one inch from the front edge of the wheel.

(6) Band saws must not be run at a speed in excess of the manufacturer's recommendations.

(7) A band wheel that has developed a crack in the rim must be immediately removed from service. If a crack has developed in a spoke, the wheel must be removed from service until properly repaired.

(8) All band wheel guards must be constructed of not lighter than ten U.S. Gauge metal, or not less than two-inch wood material or equivalent, attached to substantial frames. Necessary ventilating ports, not larger than two by four inches, and suitable doors or gates for the lubrication and repair of the saw will be permitted.

(9) Every band mill must be equipped with a saw catcher, rest or guard of substantial construction.

(10) Each gang ripper of band or straight saw type must have the cutting edges of the saw guarded by a hood or screen substantially secured to the framework of the machine.

[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, .040, .050. 99-16-083 (Order 99-11), 296-79-27005, filed 08/03/99, effective 11/03/99. Order 74-24, 296-79-27005, filed 5/6/74.]

WAC 296-79-27007 Circular saws speeds and repairs.

(1) Circular saws must not be operated at speeds in excess of those specified by the manufacturers.

(2) Circular saws must be inspected for cracks each time the teeth are filed or set. They must be discontinued from use until properly repaired when found to have developed a crack exceeding the safe limits specified by the manufacturer.

(3) Damaged saws must be repaired only by persons experienced and knowledgeable in this type of work or by a manufacturers representative.

[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, .040, .050. 99-16-083 (Order 99-11), 296-79-27007, filed 08/03/99, effective 11/03/99.Order 74-24, 296-79-27007, filed 5/6/74.]

WAC 296-79-27009 Slasher saws-tables.

(1) Slasher saws must be guarded in accordance with WAC 296-79-030(3) of this chapter.

(2) Saws must be stopped and locked or tagged out whenever it is necessary for any person to be on the slasher table.

(3) Saws below table where not protected by the frame of the machine, the underside of the slasher saws must be adequately guarded.

[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, .040, .050. 99-16-083 (Order 99-11), 296-79-27009, filed 08/03/99, effective 11/03/99.Order 74-24, 296-79-27009, filed 5/6/74.]

WAC 296-79-27011 Circular swing saws.

(1) Each circular swing saw must be provided with a hood guard that completely encloses the upper half of the saw.

(2) Each swing saw must be equipped with a positive stop at the extent of the swing necessary to cut the material.

[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, .040, .050. 99-16-083 (Order 99-11), 296-79-27011, filed 08/03/99, effective 11/03/99.Order 74-24, 296-79-27011, filed 5/6/74.]

WAC 296-79-27013 Drag saws--Fixed chain saws--Circular cut-off saws.

(1) Saws must be so arranged that they will not project into any passageway when in an idle or working position. When existing conditions do not leave clear passage the saws must be fenced off in order to make it impossible for anyone to walk into them.

(2) Log decks must be equipped with a device to hold the material stable when being cut.

(3) Drag saws and fixed chain saws must be equipped with a device that will safely lock them in an “up” position.

(4) All persons must be in the clear before starting operations.

[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, .040, .050. 99-16-083 (Order 99-11), 296-79-27013, filed 08/03/99, effective 11/03/99.Order 74-24, 296-79-27013, filed 5/6/74.]

WAC 296-79-27015 Construction and use of pulpwood splitters.

(1) The activating control unit for a splitter must be of the clutch or positive acting type and must be so arranged and designed that it will not repeat without additional activation before starting a second cycle.

(2) The base or rest upon which the wood seats while being split must have a corrugated surface or other means shall be provided which will prevent the wood block or log from shifting as the pressure is applied.

(3) The splitter base or rest and wood to be split must be free of ice, snow, and chips.

(4) The splitter machine operator must have a clear, unobstructed view of the work area adjacent to the splitting operation when other workers must be in such area while blocks are being split.

[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, .040, .050. 99-16-083 (Order 99-11), 296-79-27015, filed 08/03/99, effective 11/03/99.Order 74-24, 296-79-27015, filed 5/6/74.]

WAC 296-79-280 Chip and hog fuel storage.

(1) Entry into bins and silos.

(a) Entry into chip bins and silos, must be in compliance with the requirements of confined space entry, WAC 296-79-230, of this chapter.

(b) Chip and sawdust bins. Steam or compressed air lances, or other safe methods, must be used for breaking bridges and hang-ups.

(c) Employees must be prohibited from working under or on top overhangs or bridges. Extreme care must be taken to prevent chips or hog fuel from creating an overhang or bridging.

(d) Hog fuel bins must be provided with an approved railed platform or walkways near the top or other approved means must be provided for use of employees engaged in dislodging hog fuel.

(2) Exterior chip and hog fuel storage.

(a) When mobile equipment is used on top of hog fuel or chip piles, a roll-over protection system must be installed on the equipment.

(b) If the cab is of the enclosed type, windshield wipers must be installed.

(c) If used during hours of darkness the area must be adequately illuminated or the equipment must have adequate lights to provide the operator sufficient illumination to safely perform the work.

[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, .040, .050. 99-16-083 (Order 99-11), 296-79-280, filed 08/03/99, effective 11/03/99.Order 74-24, 296-79-280, filed 5/6/74; Order 70-6, 296-79-280, filed 7/10/70, effective 8/10/70.]

WAC 296-79-290 Stock preparation and reprocessing.

[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, .040, .050. 99-16-083 (Order 99-11), 296-79-290, filed 08/03/99, effective 11/03/99.Order 74-24, . 296-79-290, filed 5/6/74; Order 70-6, 296-79-290, filed 7/10/70, effective 8/10/70.]

WAC 296-79-29001 Digester valves and piping.

(1) The blow valve of a digester must be arranged so as to be operated from another room, remote from safety valves.

(2) Heavy duty pipe, valves, and fittings must be used between the digester and blow pit, blowtanks and dumptanks. These valves, fittings, and pipes must be inspected at least semiannually to determine the degree of deterioration and should be replaced when necessary.

(3) Digester blow valves or controls must be pinned or locked in closed position throughout the entire cooking period.

(4) Test holes in blow lines of piping systems must not be covered with insulation or other materials.

[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, .040, .050. 99-16-083 (Order 99-11), 296-79-29001, filed 08/03/99, effective 11/03/99. Order 74-24, 296-79-29001, filed 5/6/74.]

WAC 296-79-29003 Warning of digester being blown.

(1) Procedures must be developed to ensure that digester operators are aware of personnel entering hazardous areas:

  • Audible warning signals and red warning lights must be installed in areas which may be hazardous to personnel while digesters are being blown.

  • Such devices must be activated prior to blowing a digester and the warning lights must remain lighted as long as the hazard exists.

(2) Blowing digester. Blow-off valves must be opened slowly.

(3) After the digester has started to be blown, the blow-off valve must be left open, and the hand plate must not be removed until the person responsible signals the blow-pit person that the blow is completed. Whenever it becomes necessary to remove the hand plate to clear stock, operators must wear eye protection equipment and protective clothing to guard against burns from hot stock.

(4) Blow-pit hoops must be maintained in a safe condition.

(5) Where the processes of the sulfate and soda operations are similar to those of the sulfite processes, the standard of WAC 296-79-29001 and 296-79-29003, of this chapter, applies to both processes.

(6) Means must be provided so the digester cook can signal the employee in the chip bin before starting to load the digester.

[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, .040, .050. 99-16-083 (Order 99-11), 296-79-29003, filed 08/03/99, effective 11/03/99. Order 77-12, 296-79-29003, filed 7/11/77; Order 76-7, 296-79-29003, filed 3/1/76; Order 74-24, 296-79-29003, filed 5/6/74.]

WAC 296-79-29005 Unplugging quick lime stoppages. 

Water must not be used to unplug quick lime stops or plugs in pipes or confined spaces.

[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, .040, .050. 99-16-083 (Order 99-11), 296-79-29005, filed 08/03/99, effective 11/03/99. Order 74-24, 296-79-29005, filed 5/6/74.]

WAC 296-79-29007 Bleach plant.

(1) Work areas used for preparation and processing of bleaching mixtures must be equipped with properly designed exhaust ventilation systems capable of clearing the area of toxic gases. See chapters 296-62 and 296-841 WAC.

(2) Bleaching containers, such as cells, towers, etc., except the Bellmer type, must be completely covered on the top, with the exception of one small opening large enough to allow filling but too small to admit a person.

[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, .040, .050, and .060. 05-03-093 (Order 04-41), § 296-79-29007, filed 01/18/05, effective 03/01/05. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, .040, .050. 99-16-083 (Order 99-11), 296-79-29007, filed 08/03/99, effective 11/03/99.Order 74-24, 296-79-29007, filed 5/6/74.]

WAC 296-79-29009 Audible alarm in bleach plant. 

An audible alarm system must be installed and it must be activated whenever a serious leak or break develops in the bleach plant area which creates a health or fire hazard. 

[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, .040, .050. 99-16-083 (Order 99-11), 296-79-29009, filed 08/03/99, effective 11/03/99. Order 74-24, 296-79-29009, filed 5/6/74.]

WAC 296-79-29011 Pocket grinder doors. 

Doors of pocket grinders must be so designed and arranged as to keep them from closing accidentally.

[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, .040, .050. 99-16-083 (Order 99-11), 296-79-29011, filed 08/03/99, effective 11/03/99. Order 74-24, 296-79-29011, filed 5/6/74.]

WAC 296-79-29013 Pulping device procedures. 

Each company must develop a safe procedure which must be followed for feeding, clearing jams, or removing foreign objects from any pulping device. These procedures must comply with applicable provisions of this standard.

[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, .040, .050. 99-16-083 (Order 99-11), 296-79-29013, filed 08/03/99, effective 11/03/99.Order 74-24, 296-79-29013, filed 5/6/74.]

WAC 296-79-29015 Off machine repulping devices.

(1) When fed manually from the floor above, conveniently located emergency stop devices must be provided at the top level.

(2) When fed from floor above:

  • The chute opening, if less than standard guardrail height from the feed platform or floor, must be provided with a complete guardrail or other enclosure to standard guardrail height.

  • Openings for manual feeding must be sufficient only for entry of stock and must be provided with at least two permanently secured crossrails, in accordance with, the general safety and health standards, WAC 296-24-75003.

[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, .040, .050. 99-16-083 (Order 99-11), 296-79-29015, filed 08/03/99, effective 11/03/99. Order 74-24, 296-79-29015, filed 5/6/74.]

WAC 296-79-29017 Pulping device cleaning, inspection and repairing. 

When cleaning, inspecting or performing other work that requires that persons enter pulping devices, all control devices must be locked or tagged out in accordance with the requirements of this standard.

[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, .040, .050. 99-16-083 (Order 99-11), 296-79-29017, filed 08/03/99, effective 11/03/99. Order 74-24, 296-79-29017, filed 5/6/74.]

WAC 296-79-29021 Shredders and blowers.

(1) On manually fed broke shredders, the feed table must be of a height and distance from the knives as to prevent the operator from reaching or falling into the knives or the operator must be safeguarded by other acceptable means.

(2) A smooth-pivoted idler roll resting on the stock or feed table must be provided in front of feed rolls except when arrangements prevent the operator from standing closer than 36 inches to any part of the feed rolls.

(3) Any manually fed cutter, shredder, or duster must be provided with an idler roll as specified in (2) of this section or the operator shall use special hand-feeding tools.

(4) Blowers used for transporting materials must be provided with feed hoppers having outer edges located not less than 48 inches from the fan.

(5) The blower discharge outlets and work areas must be arranged to prevent material from falling on workers.

[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, .040, .050. 99-16-083 (Order 99-11), 296-79-29021, filed 08/03/99, effective 11/03/99. Order 74-24, 296-79-29021, filed 5/6/74.]

WAC 296-79-29023 Clearing shredder jams. 

To clear jams or blockage to the machine, the operator must use objects which will not create a hazard. The use of metal bars for such purposes is prohibited.

[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, .040, .050. 99-16-083 (Order 99-11), 296-79-29023, filed 08/03/99, effective 11/03/99. Order 74-24, 296-79-29023, filed 5/6/74.]

WAC 296-79-29027 Guillotine type roll splitters.

(1) The engaging control for activating the guillotine blade must be a “deadman type” switch that demands continuous operator activation and must be:

  • A positive two-hand operating control, or

  • Located far enough from the cutting location so that the operator cannot reach the blade during the cutting process.

(2) Personnel must not position any part of the body under the blade.

(3) Rolls must be in the horizontal position while being split.

(4) Rolls must be centered directly below the blade.

[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, .040, .050. 99-16-083 (Order 99-11), 296-79-29027, filed 08/03/99, effective 11/03/99. Order 76-7, 296-79-29027, filed 3/1/76; Order 74-24, 296-79-29027, filed 5/6/74.]

WAC 296-79-29029 Broke hole.

(1) An alarm bell or flashing light must be actuated or other suitable warning must be given before dropping material through a broke hole when persons working below may be endangered.

(2) Broke holes must be guarded to the fullest extent possible consistent with operational necessities. The degree of guarding provided by standard height and strength guardrails will be considered as a minimum acceptable level of protection.

(3) When repulping devices or feed conveyor systems for repulping devices are located beneath broke holes, special precautions must be used:

  • The broke hole opening must be reduced to the smallest practical dimension.

  • If the broke hole opening is large enough to permit a worker to fall through and is not guarded at least to the equivalent degree of protection provided by standard guardrails, any employee pushing broke down the broke hole must wear a safety belt or harness attached to a lanyard, and

  • The lanyard must be fastened in such a manner that it is impossible for the person to fall into the repulping device.

(4) Guarding to the equivalent degree of protection provided by standard guardrails and meeting the requirements of subsections (2) and (3), may be achieved by the use of guard bars separated no more than 15-1/2 inches in a vertical plane and 12 inches in a horizontal plane, or any other location within that segment.

[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, .040, .050. 99-16-083 (Order 99-11), 296-79-29029, filed 08/03/99, effective 11/03/99. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, 49.17.240, and chapters 43.22 and 42.30 RCW. 81-03-007 (Order 80-31), 296-79-29029, filed 1/8/81; Order 74-24, 296-79-29029, filed 5/6/74.]

WAC 296-79-29031 Industrial kiln guns and ammunition. 

The employer must ensure that there are written instructions, including safety procedures, for storing and operating industrial kiln guns and ammunition. All personnel working with this equipment must be instructed in these procedures and must follow them.

[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, .040, .050. 99-16-083 (Order 99-11), 296-79-29031, filed 08/03/99, effective 11/03/99. Order 74-24, 296-79-29031, filed 5/6/74.]

WAC 296-79-29033 Chlorine dioxide system. 

See chapter 296-62 WAC, Part P and chapter 296-67, WAC process safety management.

(1) Sodium chlorate.

(a) Personnel handling and working with sodium chlorate must be thoroughly instructed in precautions to be used in handling and special work habits.

(b) Facilities for storage and handling of sodium chlorate must be constructed so as to eliminate possible contact of dry or evaporated sodium chlorate with wood or other material which could cause a fire or explosion.

(c) Sodium chlorate facilities should be constructed with a minimum of packing glands, stuffing boxes, etc.

(2) Chlorine dioxide.

Chlorine dioxide generating and storage facilities must be placed in areas which are adequately ventilated and are easily kept clean of wood, paper, pulp, etc., to avoid contamination which might cause a reaction. This can be accomplished by placing these facilities in a separate room or in a designated outside space.

(3) General.

(a) Facilities handling sodium chlorate and chlorine dioxide must be declared “no smoking” areas and must have signs posted accordingly.

(b) Management shall be responsible for developing written instructions including safety procedures for operating and maintaining the generator and associated equipment. All personnel working on this equipment must be thoroughly trained in these procedures and must follow them. A periodic review of these procedures is recommended.

[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, .040, .050. 99-16-083 (Order 99-11), 296-79-29033, filed 08/03/99, effective 11/03/99. Order 74-24, 296-79-29033, filed 5/6/74.]

WAC 296-79-29035 Piling and unpiling pulp.

(1) Piles of wet lap pulp (unless palletized) must be stepped back one-half the width of the sheet for each 8 feet of pile height. Sheets of pulp must be interlapped to make the pile secure. Pulp must not be piled over pipelines to jeopardize pipes, or so as to cause overloading of floors, or to within 18 inches below sprinkler heads.

(2) Piles of pulp must not be undermined when being unpiled.

(3) Floor capacities must be clearly marked on all floors.

(4) When sprinklers are used for fire protection in the storage area, baled paper and rags must be stored in stable piles which do not extend into the area necessary for the proper function of sprinkler systems.

[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, .040, .050. 99-16-083 (Order 99-11), 296-79-29035, filed 08/03/99, effective 11/03/99. Order 76-7, 296-79-29035, filed 3/1/76; Order 74-24, 296-79-29035, filed 5/6/74.]

WAC 296-79-29037 Chocking rolls. 

Rolls must be secured by chocks or other means to prevent movement when stored horizontally.

[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, .040, .050. 99-16-083 (Order 99-11), 296-79-29037, filed 08/03/99, effective 11/03/99. Order 74-24, 296-79-29037, filed 5/6/74.]

WAC 296-79-300 Machine room equipment and procedures.

(1) Pulp and paper machines must be equipped with emergency stopping control(s) which can be actuated quickly from all normal operating stations. If useful for the safety of personnel, the stopping control(s) must be interlocked with adequate retarding or braking action to stop the machine as quickly as is practical. The devices must consist of push buttons for electric motive power (or electrically operated engine stops), pull cords connected directly to the prime mover, control clutches, or other devices.

(2) Steps and footwalks along the fourdrinier/forming and press section must have nonslip surfacing and be complete with standard handrails, when practical.

(3) If a machine must be lubricated while in operation an automatic lubricating device must be provided or oil cups and grease fittings must be provided which can be serviced safely without exposing the worker to any hazards.

(4) All levers carrying weights must be so constructed that weights will not slip or fall off.

(5) Guarding inrunning nip points.

(a) The drums on pulp and paper machine winders.

(i) These drums must be provided with suitable guards to prevent a person from being caught between the roll and the front drum on the winder when the pinch point is on the operator's side.

(ii) Such guards must be interlocked with the drive mechanism to prevent the winder from running while the guard is not in place. Except that the winder may be wired to allow it to run at thread or jog speed only for adjustment and start-up purposes while the guard is not in position.

(iii) A zero speed switch or locking device must be installed to prevent the guard from being removed while the roll is turning above thread or jog speed.

(b) Rewinders.

When rewinding large rolls and the nip point is adjacent to the normal work area:

  • The nip point must be protected by a barrier guard and

  • Such guard must be interlocked with the drive mechanism to prevent operating the machine above thread or jog speed without the guard in place and

  • A zero speed switch must be installed to prevent the guard from being raised while the roll is turning.

(c) Inrunning nips where paper is not being fed into a calender must be guarded.

(6) An audible alarm must be sounded prior to starting up any section of a pulp or paper machine. Sufficient time must be allowed between activation of the alarm system and start-up of the equipment to allow any persons to clear the hazardous area.

(7) When starting up a dryer section, steam to heat the drums must be introduced slowly and while the drums are revolving.

(8) A safe method must be used when starting paper into the nip of drum type reels or calender stacks. This may be accomplished by the use of feeder belts, carrier ropes, air carriage or other device or instrument:

  • A rope carrying system should be used wherever possible at points of transfer, or

  • Sheaves should be spaced so that they do not create a nip point with each other and the sheave and its support should be capable of withstanding the speed and breaking strength of the rope for which they are intended.

(9) Employees must not feed a stack with any hand held device which is capable of going through the nip.

(10) Employees must not attempt to remove a broken carrier rope from a dryer while the section is running at operating speed.

(11) Employees must stop the dryer to remove a wrap except in cases where it can be safely removed by using air or other safe means.

(12) To remove deposits from rolls, a specially designed scraper or tool shall be used. Scraping of rolls must be performed on the outgoing nip side.

(13) Doctor blades.

(a) Cleaning. Employees must not place their hands between the sharp edge of an unloaded doctor blade and the roll while cleaning the doctor blade.

(b) Doctor blades must have the sharp edges properly guarded during transportation and storage.

(c) Special protective gloves must be provided and must be worn by employees when filing or handling sharp edged doctor blades.

(14) Handling reels.

(a) Reels must stop rotating before being lifted away from reel frame.

  • Crane hooks must not be used to stop a turning reel.

(b) Exposed rotating reel shafts with square block ends must be guarded.

(c) The crane operator must ascertain that reels are properly seated at winder stand or at reel arms before they disengage the hooks.

(d) On stored reels, a clearance of at least 8 inches between the reels of paper must be maintained.

(15) All winder shafts must be equipped with a winder collar guide. The winder must have a guide rail to align the shaft for easy entrance into the opened rewind shaft bearing housing. If winder shafts are too heavy for manual handling, mechanical equipment must be used.

(16) Shaftless winders must be provided with a barrier guard of sufficient strength and size to confine the rolls in the event they become dislodged while running.

(17) All calender stacks and spreader bars must be grounded according to chapter 296-24 WAC, Part L, and WAC 296-800-280 as protection against shock induced by static electricity.

(18) Nonskid type surface required.

(a) All exposed sole plates between dryers, calenders, reels, and rewinders must have a nonskid type surface.

(b) A nonskid type surface must be provided in the work areas around the winders or rewinders.

(19) If a powered roll ejector is used it should be interlocked to prevent accidental actuation until the receiving platform or roll lowering table is in position to receive the roll.

(20) Employees must keep clear of hazardous areas around the lowerator, especially all lowerator openings in a floor and where roll is being discharged.

(21) Provision must be made to hold the rider roll when in a raised position unless counterbalancing eliminates the hazard.

(22) Drain opening in pits. Flush floor drain openings larger than 3 inches in diameter in the bottom of pits must be guarded to prevent workers from stepping through, while working in this area.

(23) Employees must not enter into or climb on any paper machine roll that is subject to free turning unless a positive locking device has been installed to prevent the roll from turning.

(24) The employer must ensure sufficient inspection and nondestructive examination of reel spool and calender roll journals. The type and frequency of testing must be adequate to detect indications of failure. Any reel spool or calender roll journal found to have an indication of failure must be removed from service. Nondestructive examination personnel must be qualified in accordance with SNT-TC 1A.

[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, .040, .050. 01-11-038 (Order 99-36), 296-79-300, filed 05/09/01, effective 09/01/01 Statutory Authority: Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, .040, .050. 99-16-083 (Order 99-11), 296-79-300, filed 08/03/99, effective 11/03/99. Statutory Authority: Chapter 49.17 RCW. 91-24-017 (Order 91-07), 296-79-300, filed 11/22/91, effective 12/24/91. Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.040, 49.17.240, and chapters 43.22 and 42.30 RCW. 81-03-007 (Order 80-31), . 296-79-300, filed 1/8/81; Order 76-7, 296-79-300, filed 3/1/76; Order 74-24, 296-79-300, filed 5/6/74; Order 70-6, 296-79-300, filed 7/10/70, effective 8/10/70.]

WAC 296-79-310 Converting operations (bag and container manufacturing, printing, coating, finishing and related processes).

[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, .040, .050. 99-16-083 (Order 99-16), 296-79-310, filed 08/03/99, effective 11/03/99. Order 74-24, 296-79-310, filed 5/6/74; Order 70-6, 296-79-310, filed 7/10/70, effective 8/10/70.]

WAC 296-79-31001 General requirements for converting operations (bag and container manufacturing, printing, coating, finishing and related processes.

(1) Guillotine-type trimmers must be designed in a manner which will require the operator to use both hands simultaneously to activate the cutting blade. If machine helpers are employed in the control function of the cutter, separate two-hand controls must be provided for the control function performed by the helper.

(2) Guillotine-type trimmers must be designed in a manner that the trimming blade will not repeat unless manually reactivated.

(3) Sorting and counting tables must be smooth and free from splinters, with edges and corners rounded.

  • Paddles shall be smooth and free from splinters.

(4) Devices (i.e., mirrors) must be installed to assist the converting machine operator in viewing blind work stations where a hazard exists.

(5) Mechanical lifting devices must be provided for placing and removing rolls from rewinders. Rolls must not be left suspended overhead while the controls are unattended.

(6) When using a crane or hoist to place rolls into a backstand and the operator cannot see both ends of the backstand, assistance will be provided or appropriate devices will be installed to eliminate the hazards involved. The operator must ascertain that rolls are properly seated at winder stand or at roll arms before disengaging the hooks.

(7) Slitters, slotters, and scorers not in use must be properly stored so a hazard is not created.

(8) All power closing sections must be equipped with an audible warning system which will be activated when closing the sections.

(9) Roll-type embosser. The nipping point located on the operator's side must be guarded by either automatic or manually operated barrier guards interlocked with the drive.

[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, .040, .050. 99-16-083 (Order 99-16), 296-79-31001, filed 08/03/99, effective 11/03/99. Order 76-7, 296-79-31001, filed 3/1/76; Order 74-24, 296-79-31001, filed 5/6/74.]

WAC 296-79-31003 Corrugator.

(1) Every recessed floor conveyor system must be identified by standard color coding, and so designed and installed to minimize tripping hazards.

(2) All areas subject to wet processes must be provided with drains:

  • Drain trenches must be provided with gratings flush with the adjoining floor.

  • Use of curbing in work areas should be avoided in new installations. If the use of curbing cannot be avoided, the design must be such that the curbs do not constitute a tripping hazard in normal working areas. When curbing exists and constitutes a hazard, it must be color coded.

(3) Rails of rail mounted devices such as roll stands must be flush with the adjacent floor, and so installed to provide a minimum of 18 inches clearance between the equipment and walls or other fixed objects.

(4) All corrugating and pressure rolls must be equipped with appropriately designed and installed threading guides so as to prevent contact with the infeed nip of the various rolls by the operator.

(5) A minimum of 4 inches clearance or effective nip guarding must be maintained between heated drums, idler rolls, and cross shafting on all preheaters and preconditioners.

(6) Lower elevating conveyor belt rolls on the single facer bridge must have a minimum nip clearance of 4 inches or effective nip guarding.

(7) Web shears at the discharge end of the double facer must be equipped with barrier type guards.

(8) Slitter stations not in use must be disconnected from the power source by positive means.

(9) Elevating type conveyors must have the floor area color-coded.

[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, .040, .050. 99-16-083 (Order 99-16), 296-79-31003, filed 08/03/99, effective 11/03/99. Order 74-24, 296-79-31003, filed 5/6/74.]

WAC 296-79-31009 Die cutting. Bobst type die cutters.

A minimum of 4 inches must be provided between the end of the slat and the guide bar.

[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, .040, .050. 99-16-083 (Order 99-16), 296-79-31009, filed 08/03/99, effective 11/03/99. Order 74-24, 296-79-31009, filed 5/6/74.]

WAC 296-79-320 Sulfite recovery furnace area requirements.

(1) The employer must have a program to train all personnel associated with recovery boiler operations in safe operating procedures and emergency shutdown procedures.

(2) An audible warning system must be installed in kraft and soda base sulfite recovery furnace areas and must be actuated whenever an emergency exists.

(3) All personnel who enter the recovery furnace area must understand the emergency evacuation procedure.

(4) Warning system maintenance. Emergency warning systems in the recovery furnace areas must be kept in proper working condition and must be tested or checked weekly.

(5) Personnel must stand to the side while opening a furnace or boiler firebox door.

[Statutory Authority: RCW 49.17.010, .040, .050. 99-16-083 (Order 99-16), 296-79-320, filed 08/03/99, effective 11/03/99. Order 74-24, 296-79-320, filed 5/6/74; Order 70-6, 296-79-320, filed 7/10/70, effective 8/10/70.]

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