Short summaries of published, peer-reviewed journal articles written and co-authored by SHARP staff. For a complete list of articles published before 2013, please see SHARP's Journal Articles.


Work-Related Injuries in Firefighters: The Relative Burden of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses in Firefighters: An Analysis of Washington Workers’ Compensation Claims, 2006–2020. Naomi Anderson, Jennifer Marcum, David Bonauto, Miriam Siegel, and Claire LaSee. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health, 2023. DOI: 10.3390/ijerph20227077

Heat-Related Illness and Ambient Temperature Trends: Occupational heat-related illness in Washington State: A descriptive study of day of illness and prior day ambient temperatures among cases and clusters, 2006-2021. June Spector, Luke Sampson, John Flunker, Darrin Adams, and David Bonauto. American Journal of Industrial Medicine, 2023. DOI: 10.1002/ajim.23506

Toxic Inhalation Injury: Toxic inhalation of sodium metabisulphite by-products from a shipping container. Coralynn Sack, Carolyn Reeb-Whitaker, Danièle Todorov, and Paul Darby. Occupational Medicine, 2023. DOI:10.1093/occmed/kqad009

Racial Disparities in Claim Rates: Racial and ethnic disparities in workers’ compensation claims rates. Caroline K. Smith, Sara Wuellner, and Jennifer Marcum. PLoS ONE, 2023. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0280307


Apprentice Graduates have Fewer Injuries: Are plumbing apprentice graduates safer than their non-apprentice peers? Workers’ compensation claims among journey level plumbers by apprenticeship participation. Sara Wuellner and David Bonauto. Journal of Safety Research, 2022. DOI:10.1016/j.jsr.2022.09.009

Janitorial Workload Survey Results: Work-related injury burden, workers’ compensation claim filing, and barriers: Results from a statewide survey of janitors. Naomi J. Anderson, MPH; Caroline K. Smith, PhD, MPH; Michael P. Foley, MA. American Journal of Industrial Medicine, 2022. DOI:10.1002/ajim.23319


Asthma and Cannabis Exposure: Surveillance of work-related asthma including the emergence of a cannabis-associated case series in Washington State. Carolyn Reeb-Whitaker, Claire Lasee, and David Bonauto. Journal of Asthma, 2021. DOI:10.1080/02770903.2021.1955379


Home-Based Care Provider Health: Comparison of BRFSS Data Between Home-Based Care Providers and Health Care Support Workers in Clinical Environments in Washington State. Ninica Howard and Jennifer Marcum. Workplace Health & Safety, 2019. DOI: 10.1177/2165079919857448. Corrigendum, DOI: 10.1177/2165079920904218.

Heat Related Illness in Washington State: Heat related illness among workers in Washington State: A descriptive study using workers' compensation claims, 2006-2017. Martell Hesketh, BA; S. Wuellner, PhD, MPH; A. Robinson, BA; D. Adams, BS; C. Smith, PhD, MPH; D. Bonauto, MD, MPH. DOI: 10.1002/ajim.23092.


Sit-stand office workstationsThe effect of sit-stand schedules on office work productivity: A pilot study. Jia-Hua Lin and Stephen Bao. Work, 2019. DOI: 10.3233/WOR-193017.

Silicosis in Countertop Fabricators: Severe Silicosis in Engineered Stone Fabrication Workers– California, Colorado, Texas, and Washington, 2017-2019. Rose C, Heinzerling A, Patel K, et al. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep, 2019. DOI: 10.15585/mmwr.mm6838a1.

Fewer claims and lower costs by benchmarking to safer employers: Fewer workers' compensation claims and lower claim costs if employers with high injury rates achieved the rates of their safer peers. Sara E. Wuellner and David K. Bonauto. Journal of Safety Research, 2019. DOI: 10.1016/j.jsr.2019.06.001

Occupational Health Profile: Janitors. Using Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System Data as an Occupational Health Profile: Washington State Janitors, 2011-2017. Naomi J. Anderson, MPH and Jennifer L. Marcum, DrPH. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 2019. DOI: 10.1097/JOM.0000000000001652

Trends in work-related asthma: Work-related asthma surveillance in Washington State: time trends, industry rates, and workers’ compensation costs, 2002-2016. Claire R LaSee and Carolyn Reeb-Whitaker. Journal of Asthma, 2019. DOI: 10.1080/02770903.2019.1571084

Injury Claim Rates in Logging: Injury Rate Comparisons for Nonmechanized and Mechanized Logging Operations, Washington State, 2005-2014. David Bonauto, Sara E. Wuellner, Jennifer L. Marcum & Darrin A. Adams. Journal of Agromedicine, 2019. DOI: 10.1080/1059924X.2019.1566106

Chronic Conditions Affect Return to Work with Carpal Tunnel Syndrome: The Economic Effect of Chronic Comorbidities in Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Workers’ Compensation Claimants, Washington State. Jennifer Marcum, Anne McHugh, Michael Foley, Darrin Adams, and David Bonauto. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 2018. DOI: 10.1097/JOM.0000000000001451.


Shoulder assessment for truck drivers while hand cranking landing gear: Occupational cranking operations: The scapula perspective. Jia-Hua Lin and Xu Xu. Applied Ergonomics, 2018. DOI:

Employers at Risk for Future Workers' Compensation Claims: Characteristics of construction firms at risk for future workers' compensation claims using administrative data systems, Washington State. Jennifer Marcum, Mike Foley, Darrin Adams and David Bonauto. Journal of Safety Research, 2018. DOI: 10.1016/j.jsr.2018.02.005

Estimating Race and Ethnicity in Occupational Research: Improving occupational health disparity research: Testing a method to estimate race and ethnicity in a working population. Caroline Smith and David Bonauto. American Journal of Industrial Medicine, 2018. DOI: 10.1002/ajim.22850.


Sit-Stand Workstation Schedules: An investigation into four different sit-stand workstation use schedules. Stephen Bao and Jia-Hua Lin. Ergonomics, 2017. DOI: 10.1080/00140139.2017.1353139

Safety Climate Impacts Truck Driver Injuries: Work-related injury factors and safety climate perception in truck drivers. Naomi J. Anderson, Caroline K. Smith and Jesse L. Byrd. American Journal of Industrial Medicine, 2017. DOI: 10.1002/ajim.22737

Work-related Injuries Among Janitors: Work-related injuries among commercial janitors in Washington State, comparisons by gender. Caroline K. Smith and Naomi J. Anderson. Journal of Safety Research, 2017. DOI: 10.1016/j.jsr.2017.06.016

Temporary Workers at Risk: Factors Underlying Observed Injury Rate Differences between Temporary Workers and Permanent Peers. Michael Foley. American Journal of Industrial Medicine, 2017. DOI: 10.1002/ajim.22763

Declines in Work-related Musculoskeletal Disorders: Work-related musculoskeletal disorder surveillance using the Washington state workers’ compensation system: Recent declines and patterns by industry, 1999–2013. Jennifer Marcum and Darrin Adams. American Journal of Industrial Medicine, 2017. DOI: 10.1002/ajim.22708

Work-Related Injury and Illness: Self-reported work-related injury or illness – Washington, 2011-2014. Jennifer L Marcum, B Chin, NJ Anderson, and DK Bonauto. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2017; 66(11):302-306. URL:

Characteristics of Injuries Not Reported by Employers: Workers’ compensation claims not reported in the Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses: Injury and claim characteristics. Sara E. Wuellner, Darrin A. Adams and David K. Bonauto. American Journal of Industrial Medicine, 2017. DOI: 10.1002/ajim.22685


Policy can improve occupational health and safety: A Systematic Literature Review of the Effectiveness of Occupational Health and Safety Regulatory Enforcement. Emile Tompa, C Kalcevich, M Foley, C McLeod, S Hogg-Johnson, K Cullen, E MacEachen, Q Mahood, and E Irvin. American Journal of Industrial Medicine, 2016. DOI: 10.1002/ajim.22605

Heat Exposure and Injury Risk: A Case-Crossover Study of Heat Exposure and Injury Risk in Outdoor Agricultural Workers. June T. Spector, DK Bonauto, L Sheppard, T Busch-Isaksen, M Calkins, D Adams, M Lieblich, RA Fenske. PLoS ONE, 2016. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0164498

Workplace violence and supervisor support in healthcare: Linking workplace aggression to employee well-being and work: The moderating role of family-supportive supervisor behaviors (FSSB). Nanette L. Yragui, CA Demsky, LB Hammer, S Van Dyck and MB Neradilek. Journal of Business and Psychology, 2016. DOI: 10.1007/s10869-016-9443-z

Employer reasons for injury underreporting: Employer reasons for failing to report eligible workers’ compensation claims in the BLS survey of occupational injuries and illnesses. Christina L. Rappin, SE Wuellner, and DK Bonauto. American Journal of Industrial Medicine. DOI: 10.1002/ajim.22582

Establishment characteristics in injury underreporting: Unreported workers’ compensation claims to the BLS Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses: Establishment factors. Sara E Wuellner, DA Adams, and DK Bonauto. American Journal of Industrial Medicine, 2016. DOI 10.1002/ajim.22563.

Isocyanate exposure from paint applied with a brush or roller: Isocyanate exposure below analytical detection when a paint brush and roller are used to apply moisture-cure polyurethane paint. Carolyn Reeb-Whitaker and Todd Schoonover. Annals of Occupational Hygiene, 2016. DOI 10.1093/annhyg/mew003.


Carpal tunnel syndrome is a long-term burden: The long-term burden of work-related carpal tunnel syndrome relative to upper-extremity fractures and dermatitis in Washington State. Michael Foley and Barbara A Silverstein. American Journal of Industrial Medicine, 2015. DOI: 10.1002/ajim.22540.

Job organization and worker health: Relationships between Job Organizational Factors, Biomechanical and Psychosocial Exposures. Stephen Bao, JM Kapellusch, AS Merryweather, MS Thiese, A Garg, KT Hegmann, and BA Silverstein. Ergonomics, 2015. DOI 10.1080/00140139.2015.1065347.

Acid burns in car and truck washing: Occupational hydrofluoric acid injury from car and truck washing – Washington, 2001-2013. Carolyn Reeb-Whitaker, Carly Eckert, Naomi Anderson, and David Bonauto. CDC Morbidity Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR), 64(32): 874-877; 2014


Worker Perceptions of Musculoskeletal Injury: Perceptions of risk from workers in high risk industries with work related musculoskeletal disorders. Daniel Hunter and Barbara Silverstein. Work: A Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation, 49(4): 689-703; 2014.

Injury prevention for the Services Sector: Prioritizing industries for occupational injury prevention and research in the Services Sector in Washington State, 2002–2010. Naomi J Anderson, DK Bonauto and D Adams. Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology, 9: 37; 2014

Injury recordkeeping and reporting: Exploring the relationship between employer recordkeeping and underreporting in the BLS Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses. Sara E Wuellner and David K Bonauto. American Journal of Industrial Medicine, 57(10):1133-1143; 2014

Asthma in Washington State: Distribution of asthma by occupation: Washington State Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System Data, 2006-2009. Naomi J Anderson, ZJ Fan, C Reeb-Whitaker, D Bonauto and E Rauser. Journal of Asthma, 51(10):1035-1042; 2014.

Heat-related illness: Heat-related illness in Washington State agriculture and forestry sectors. June T Spector, J Krenz, E Rauser, and DK Bonauto. American Journal of Industrial Medicine, 57(8):881-895; 2014.

Respiratory disease from hop: Respiratory disease associated with occupational inhalation to hop (Humulus lupulus) during harvest and processing. Carolyn Reeb-Whitaker and David Bonauto. Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology, 113(5):533-537; 2014.

Trucking injuries: Work related injuries in Washington State's Trucking Industry, by industry sector and occupation. Caroline K Smith and Jena Williams. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 65:63-71; 2014.

Obesity in the workforce: Obesity prevalence by occupation in Washington State, Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. David K Bonauto, D Lu, and ZJ Fan. Preventing Chronic Disease, 11(130219); 2014.


Injury Classification: Injury classification agreement in linked Bureau of Labor Statistics and Workers’ Compensation data. Sara E Wuellner and David K Bonauto. American Journal of Industrial Medicine, 9999: 1-10; 2013.

Asthma from isocyanates: Prevention guidance for isocyanate-induced asthma using occupational surveillance data. Carolyn Reeb-Whitaker, NJ Anderson, DK Bonauto. Journal of Occupational & Environmental Hygiene, 10: 597-608; 2013.


OSHA enforcement and claims: The impact of regulatory enforcement and consultation visits on workers’ compensation claims incidence rates and costs, 1999-2008. Michael Foley, ZJ Fan, E Rauser, B Silverstein. American Journal of Industrial Medicine, 55(11): 976-990; 2012.

Isocyanate exposure: Airborne isocyanate exposures in the collision repair industry and a comparison to occupational exposure limits. Carolyn Reeb-Whitaker, SG Whittaker, DM Ceballos, et al. Journal of Occupational & Environmental Hygiene, 9(5): 329-339; 2012.


Asthma in the workplace: Work-related asthma in Washington State. Naomi J Anderson, CK Reeb-Whitaker, DK Bonauto, and E Rauser. Journal of Asthma, 48(8):773-732; 2011.


Limited English Proficiency in Workers' Compensation: Language Preference and Non-Traumatic Low Back Disorders in Washington State Workers’ Compensation. DK Bonauto, CK Smith, DA Adams, ZJ Fan, BA Silverstein and M Foley American Journal of Industrial Medicine 2010; 53(2):204-215. URL: