Call 1-800-423-7233, option 1
To report an on-the-job fatality, in-patient hospitalization, amputation, or loss of an eye, call 1-800-423-7233.
- You have 8 hours to report a workplace fatality or in-patient hospitalization of any employee
- You have 24 hours to report a non-hospitalized amputation or loss of an eye of any employee
If you, as an employer or an agent of an employer, do not learn about the incident when it takes place, you must still report it within these time frames after you are notified.
If your business is in another state, and your employee is injured in Washington state, you must follow these reporting requirements. These requirements also apply if your business is based in Washington and your employee is injured while working out-of-state.
What to report
When reporting an incident, make sure to provide:
- Name and phone number of the best person to contact
- The name of the establishment/business
- The location/address where it happened
- The date and time it happened
- The names and number of employees harmed
- A brief description of the incident
Preserve the scene
You can move equipment as necessary to assist a victim or prevent further harm, but you must preserve the scene of a work-related incident until L&I has investigated. This includes not moving machinery, tools, or personal protective equipment involved in the incident. (WAC 296-800-32010)
Use the information in this table to build hazard awareness and prevent risk for similar occurrences in your workplace.
This table shares preliminary details about many of the fatalities reported to the Division of Occupational Safety and Health at the Washington State Department of Labor & Industries (DOSH). When further details are available, entries may be updated in the annual summary.
NOTE: This is a partial list, for instructional purposes only and is not meant for data or research purposes. In addition to being a partial list, fatalities associated with natural causes or suicides are not listed. The Worker Memorial Day ceremony and SHARP's FACE Program use different criteria for counting worker deaths in Washington.
16 Workplace Fatalities in Washington State 2020
|Event Date||Description of the Event||Industry|
|6/12/20||Two workers were hospitalized but later died after being exposed to COVID-19.||Nursing and Care Facilities|
|5/29/20||A worker contracted COVID-19 but later died while working as a nurse.||General Medical and surgical Hospitals|
|5/24/20||A worker was seriously injured but later died after a tractor the worker was operating rolled over.||Non-Citrus Fruit Farming|
|5/18/20||A correctional officer died from COVID-19 after being exposed while on the job.||Correctional Institutions|
|4/2/20||A worker received serious injuries but later died after falling 15 feet from a bucket lift to a garage roof below.||Logging|
|3/24/20||A State trooper sustained fatal injuries while trying to deploy stop sticks during an incident.||State Police|
|3/18/20||A worker sustained fatal injuries after the tractor the worker was operating rolled over.||All Other miscellaneous Crop Framing|
|3/17/20||A worker sustained serious injuries but later died after falling to the ground while climbing down from a bed of a truck.||Drywall and Insulation Contractors|
|3/16/20||A worker died after being pulled into an in-feed press.||Other Building Equipment Contractors (PT)|
|2/24/20||A worker collapsed and died after coming out of a deicer tank.||Landscaping Services|
|2/21/20||A worker sustained fatal injuries after a person shot the worker during a robbery.||Convenience Store|
|2/12/20||A worker sustained serious injuries but later died after falling approximately 20 feet from a ladder to concrete floor below.||Residential Remodelers (PT)|
|1/14/20||A worker sustained fatal injuries after a log rolled and crushed the worker between another log.||Logging|
|1/9/20||A worker sustained fatal injuries after being trapped inside a collapsed trench.||Temporary Help Services|
|1/11/20||A worker sustained fatal injuries after falling backwards off a new home under construction while setting trusses.||New Single-Family Housing Construction|
Employers covered by recordkeeping rules are required to record workplace injuries and illnesses on an OSHA 300 log. In addition, you can use this information to find and fix hazards affecting your workers and refine your workplace health and safety programs.
You must post the annual summary portion of the OSHA 300 log (form OSHA 300A) from February 1 through April 30 of each year.
New electronic reporting requirements, effective January 1, 2020
For affected employers, 2019 summaries are due March 2, 2020. The OSHA 300 Forms remain unchanged. You must now submit your OSHA 300 summary form electronically using the Injury Tracking Application (ITA).
Washington State has updated our rules to mirror OSHA's electronic injury and illness reporting requirements. These changes affect employers with establishments of certain sizes and in certain industry sectors and require routine submission of their completed OSHA Form 300A summary directly to OSHA.
Note: L&I is not involved in this transmission, and does not use the information.
For more information about this change, see our Recordkeeping and Reporting rulemaking page. To learn more about the OSHA requirements, visit OSHA's rule information page.
Businesses that are exempt from OSHA 300 reporting requirements
Small employers and low-risk businesses may be exempt from these requirements if:
- They have 10 or fewer employees at all times during the previous calendar year at all of their combined business locations.
- The business is included on the industry exemption list in Table 1 under WAC 296-27-00105.
Note: This exemption does not apply if the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), OSHA, or DOSH notifies you to comply.
Resources to help
- OSHA 300 Recordkeeping Webcast
- Recording & Reporting eLesson
- Injury & Illness Recordkeeping Forms - 300, 300A, 301
- Core Rules – Accident Reporting and Investigating (WAC 296-800-320)
- Agriculture Safety Standards – Employer's Responsibilities (WAC 296-307-018)
- Bloodborne Pathogens - Records (WAC 296-823-170)
- Charter Boats – Operations (WAC 296-115-060)
- Commercial Diving Operations - Recordkeeping Requirements (WAC 296-37-575)
- Employee Medical and Exposure Records (WAC 296-802)
- Fire Fighting – Injury and Illness Reporting (WAC 296-305-01501 and 01503)
- Sawmills and Woodworking Operations - Management’s Responsibility (WAC 296-78-515).
Videos, Training, and Prevention Resources
- Eye on Safety - Recordkeeping and Reporting
- How to Report a Fatality and Hospitalization to the WA State Dept. of L&I
- OSHA Recordkeeping for Managers & Supervisors
Publications, Handouts, Checklists, Sample Programs
- Checklist of recordkeeping (Oregon-OSHA)
- Do I Have To Have and Maintain an OSHA 300 Log?
- Employer Reason for Injury Underreporting
- Enhanced/Detailed 5-Step Process for Determining Recordability
- OSHA 300 Recordkeeping Forms.
- Recording and posting workplace injuries and illnesses (Oregon-OSHA fact sheet)
- Simple 5-Step Process for Determining Injury an Illness Recordability
An accident is typically a preventable incident where someone is harmed or fatally injured.
You must investigate any accident that results in a fatality, in-patient hospitalization, amputation, or loss of an eye. Employers are also required to investigate other accidents that cause serious injury and/or illnesses per WAC 296-800-320.
Accidents requiring only first aid, or “close calls” (i.e., near-misses) where no one is hurt, are not required to be reported. These should still be investigated because they can help predict and prevent future accidents.
Benefits of investigations
Investigating accidents makes good business sense. Accidents are predictable – they are the logical outcome of hazards.
Investigations help you:
- Identify hazards to prevent future accidents
- Discover and correct deficiencies in training, work practices, and/or equipment
- Reduce direct and indirect costs associated with accidents, including workers’ compensation costs
- Improve worker’s confidence and morale
- Strengthen your required Accident Prevention Program (APP)
How to Investigate
Have a plan in place before an accident occurs! A plan can reduce the chaos during an incident and help you ensure a safe and efficient investigation. For best results, make finding the “root cause/s” the focus of your investigations, not fault finding.
Once your plan is in place, be sure to inform and train everyone so they know who does what. Revisit your plan when it might need updating and keep everyone informed and trained on any changes you make.
- Preserve the scene and keep unauthorized personnel away. Cones, warning tape, and/or guards can help you do this. Be sure to check for danger and ensure victims’ safety.
- Document the scene. Take notes and use photo, video, and/or sketching to detail the who, what, where, when, and how details about the incident.
- Collect information from witnesses. Obtain other relevant information like equipment manuals, safety data sheets (SDSs), and company documents (like safety policies, operating procedures, training and injury records, logs, reports, etc.).
- Determine the root causes and best corrective actions to take. This requires technique (e.g., keep asking “Why” questions) and time for a deep evaluation, but will make it easier to focus on the most effective corrective actions to take to prevent further incidents.
- Implement corrective actions. Some actions may take more planning and implementation time than others.